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发布日(ri)期:2020-01-02  09:00:28 来源:衡水地方志 浏览次数: 字体:[ ]

衡水(shui)历史悠久。上古时(shi)代(dai)因地跨(kua)黄河(he),现(xian)辖(xia)区分属(shu)(shu)冀、兖二州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)。饶、昌、武城(cheng)(cheng)、武罗均(jun)系(xi)境内(nei)主要封邑方国(guo)(guo)。春(chun)秋时(shi)期多归晋国(guo)(guo)。战国(guo)(guo)时(shi)代(dai)为(wei)燕、赵之(zhi)地。公(gong)(gong)元(yuan)前221年(nian)(nian)秦(qin)始皇统一中(zhong)国(guo)(guo)后(hou)(hou)(hou)属(shu)(shu)钜鹿郡。汉(han)代(dai)属(shu)(shu)冀州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)刺史部,先后(hou)(hou)(hou)设(she)有(you)广川国(guo)(guo)、信都国(guo)(guo)和安(an)平国(guo)(guo),现(xian)辖(xia)县市(shi)区多为(wei)此(ci)时(shi)建置。三国(guo)(guo)时(shi)系(xi)魏国(guo)(guo)冀州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)域,冀州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)治自邺始移信都,境内(nei)分属(shu)(shu)安(an)平、博陵、渤海(hai)三郡。晋代(dai)仍为(wei)冀州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)所(suo)(suo)辖(xia)。隋时(shi),南部属(shu)(shu)冀州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou),北部属(shu)(shu)公(gong)(gong)元(yuan)596年(nian)(nian)所(suo)(suo)置深(shen)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)。唐代(dai)属(shu)(shu)河(he)北道。宋初冀州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)属(shu)(shu)河(he)北东路(lu)(lu),深(shen)州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)属(shu)(shu)河(he)北西路(lu)(lu)。元(yuan)初,观州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)治所(suo)(suo)移至(zhi)蓚(xiu)县城(cheng)(cheng)(今景县城(cheng)(cheng)),并于(yu)公(gong)(gong)元(yuan)1265年(nian)(nian)复称(cheng)景州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)。此(ci)后(hou)(hou)(hou)直至(zhi)明(ming)、清,先后(hou)(hou)(hou)为(wei)中(zhong)书省、京(jing)师、直隶省所(suo)(suo)辖(xia),境内(nei)仍由冀、深(shen)、景三州(zhou)(zhou)(zhou)分领。

中(zhong)华民国初期,各州(zhou)皆改(gai)(gai)为县(xian),直隶(li)于省。至1914年,现辖(xia)区(qu)分(fen)属大名(ming)道、保定道、津海(hai)道管理(li)。1928年,直隶(li)省改(gai)(gai)称河北省,同时废道,各县(xian)直隶(li)于省。

1937年(nian)(nian)抗日战争爆(bao)发后,现辖(xia)区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)分属(shu)中国(guo)共(gong)产党领导的(de)晋察冀(ji)(ji)边区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)之(zhi)冀(ji)(ji)中区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)和晋鲁豫边区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)之(zhi)冀(ji)(ji)南(nan)(nan)区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)。1948年(nian)(nian)5月(yue),两(liang)边区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)合(he)并改(gai)称华北(bei)行(xing)政区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)。1949年(nian)(nian)8月(yue)1日始设(she)衡(heng)(heng)(heng)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)专(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu),辖(xia)原冀(ji)(ji)南(nan)(nan)、冀(ji)(ji)中两(liang)区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)之(zhi)部分县(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)域,包括衡(heng)(heng)(heng)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)、冀(ji)(ji)县(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)、枣强(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)、武(wu)(wu)(wu)邑(yi)(yi)、深县(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)、武(wu)(wu)(wu)强(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)、清(qing)河(he)(he)、恩县(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)、夏津(jin)、武(wu)(wu)(wu)城(cheng)、故(gu)城(cheng)、景(jing)县(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)、阜(fu)城(cheng)等(deng)13县(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian),属(shu)新建(jian)(jian)(jian)立的(de)河(he)(he)北(bei)省。1952年(nian)(nian)11月(yue)7日衡(heng)(heng)(heng)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)专(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)奉(feng)华北(bei)行(xing)政委员会之(zhi)命撤销(xiao),其辖(xia)区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)之(zhi)夏津(jin)、恩县(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)、武(wu)(wu)(wu)城(cheng)3县(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)划(hua)归(gui)山(shan)东(dong)省,衡(heng)(heng)(heng)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)、深县(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)、武(wu)(wu)(wu)强(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)、武(wu)(wu)(wu)邑(yi)(yi)、枣强(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)、冀(ji)(ji)县(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)6县(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)划(hua)归(gui)石(shi)家(jia)庄(zhuang)专(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu),景(jing)县(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)、故(gu)城(cheng)、阜(fu)城(cheng)3县(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)划(hua)归(gui)沧州(zhou)(zhou)专(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu),清(qing)河(he)(he)县(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)划(hua)归(gui)邢台专(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)。1962年(nian)(nian)6月(yue)27日,国(guo)务(wu)院批准衡(heng)(heng)(heng)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)专(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)复置,下辖(xia)衡(heng)(heng)(heng)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)、冀(ji)(ji)县(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)、枣强(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)、武(wu)(wu)(wu)邑(yi)(yi)、深县(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)、武(wu)(wu)(wu)强(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)(qiang)、饶阳、安平(ping)、故(gu)城(cheng)、景(jing)县(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)、阜(fu)城(cheng)计(ji)11县(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)。1970年(nian)(nian),衡(heng)(heng)(heng)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)专(zhuan)(zhuan)(zhuan)区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)改(gai)称衡(heng)(heng)(heng)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)地区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)。1982年(nian)(nian)1月(yue),衡(heng)(heng)(heng)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)镇(zhen)升(sheng)为(wei)衡(heng)(heng)(heng)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)市。1983年(nian)(nian)3月(yue),衡(heng)(heng)(heng)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)县(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)省入衡(heng)(heng)(heng)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)市。1993年(nian)(nian)9月(yue),冀(ji)(ji)县(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)改(gai)建(jian)(jian)(jian)为(wei)冀(ji)(ji)州(zhou)(zhou)市。1994年(nian)(nian)深县(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)改(gai)建(jian)(jian)(jian)为(wei)深州(zhou)(zhou)市。1996年(nian)(nian)5月(yue)31日,国(guo)务(wu)院批准撤销(xiao)衡(heng)(heng)(heng)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)地区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu),改(gai)设(she)地级衡(heng)(heng)(heng)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)市,同时撤销(xiao)原县(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)(xian)级衡(heng)(heng)(heng)水(shui)(shui)(shui)(shui)市,改(gai)设(she)桃城(cheng)区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)。2016年(nian)(nian),国(guo)务(wu)院批准撤销(xiao)冀(ji)(ji)州(zhou)(zhou)市建(jian)(jian)(jian)冀(ji)(ji)州(zhou)(zhou)区(qu)(qu)(qu)(qu)。


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